Aleksey Michailovich Chaulin* Pages 1 - 16 ( 16 )
To date, it is well known that a significant number of diseases of cardiovascular genesis (coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, Takotsubo syndrome, heart failure, etc.) and extra-cardiac genesis (renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sepsis, diabetes mellitus, etc.) cause injury to contractile cells of the heart muscle (myocardial cells). The most sensitive and specific criteria for proving myocardial cell injury are cardiospecific troponins (CSTns) - CSTnI and CSTnT. According to the current clinical recommendations of the European, American, and Russian Cardiological Communities, CSTnI and CSTnT are the main biomarkers for early diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Hypertension is one of the most dangerous and common risk factors for the development of cardiovascular pathologies and is associated with a high risk of dangerous cardiovascular complications. Therefore, there is an urgent need to search for new biomarkers for the timely assessment of the prognosis of patients with hypertension. This mini-review aims to substantiate the possibilities of using the cardiomarkers (CSTnI and CSTnT) to assess the prognosis of patients suffering from hypertension and to discuss potential mechanisms that cause injury to myocardial cells and increase serum levels of CSTnI and CSTnT. This is a narrative mini-review, which was prepared using the following databases: Pubmed/Medline, PubMed Central, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science. The following keywords were used in the literature search: “myocardial cells”, “injury”, “damage”, and “hypertension” in combination with the terms “mechanisms of injury” “predictive significance”, “cardiac troponins”, or “cardiospecific troponins”.
Myocardial cells, injury, mechanisms of injury, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, blood pressure, cardiospecific troponins, high-sensitive, predictive significance.