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Thiazole, Isatin and Phthalimide Derivatives Tested in vivo against Cancer Models: A Literature Review of the Last Six Years


Aline Ferreira Pinto, Janine Siqueira Nunes, José Eduardo Severino Martins, Amanda Calazans Leal, Carla Cauanny Vieira Costa Silva, Anderson José Firmino Santos da Silva, Daiane Santiago da Cruz Olímpio, Elineide Tayse Noberto da Silva, Thiers Araújo Campos and Ana Cristina Lima Leite*   Pages 1 - 42 ( 42 )


Background: Cancer is a disease characterized by the abnormal multiplication of cells and is the second leading cause of death in the world. The search for new effective and safe anticancer compounds is ongoing due to factors such as low selectivity, high toxicity, and multidrug resistance. Thus, heterocyclic compounds derived from isatin, thiazole and phthalimide that have achieved promising in vitro anticancer activity have been tested in vivo and in clinical trials.

Objective: This review focused on the compilation of promising data from thiazole, isatin, and phthalimide derivatives, reported in the literature between 2015 and 2022, with in vivo anticancer activity and clinical trials.

Methods: A bibliographic search was carried out in the PUBMED, MEDLINE, ELSEVIER, and CAPES PERIODIC databases, selecting relevant works for each pharmacophoric group with in vivo antitumor activity in the last 6 years.

Results: In our study, 68 articles that fit the scope were selected and critically analyzed. These articles were organized considering the type of antitumor activity and their year of publication. Some compounds reported here demonstrated potent antitumor activity against several tumor types.

Conclusion: This review allowed us to highlight works that reported promising structures for the treatment of various cancer types and also demonstrated that the privileged structures thiazole, isatin and phthalimide are important in the design of new syntheses and molecular optimization of compounds with antitumor activity.


Thiazole,isatin,phthalimide,cancer,animal model,in vivo,clinical trial


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