Wenjie Jiang, Ruida Quan, Adheesh Bhandari, Suzita Hirachan, Chengze Chen, Shihui Lv and Chen Zheng* Pages 1152 - 1164 ( 13 )
Introduction: Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is currently the prevalent type of endocrine malignancy worldwide, having an incidence of around 15.5 per 100,000 people. However, the underlying mechanisms of TC tumorigenesis remain to be further elucidated.
Methods: Performing the database analyses, Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 1B3 (PAFAH1B3) was found to be dysregulated in several carcinomas and might trigger tumor occurrence as well as the progression of TC. Clinicopathological information of patients from our local validated cohort and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort also confirmed this hypothesis.
Results: Our present research showed that elevated expression of PAFAH1B3 has a close association with worse behavior in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We utilized the small interfering RNA to obtain the PAFAH1B3-transfected PTC cell lines, including BCPAP, FTC-133, and TPC-1, and then further examined their biological function in vitro. Furthermore, gene set enrichment analysis suggested that PAFAH1B3 is implicated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Afterward, the western blotting assays aimed at EMT-related proteins were performed.
Conclusion: In short, our results revealed that silencing PAFAH1B3 could hinder the capabilities of proliferation, migration, and invasion of PTC cells. Increasing expression of PAFAH1B3 might be of quintessence with lymph node metastasis by triggering EMT in PTC patients.
<i>PAFAH1B3</i>, PTC, migration, invasion, EMT, cancer.