Jun Guo*, Long Chen and Min Ma Pages 1 - 14 ( 14 )
Introduction: Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury is related to an increased mortality rate by modulating ferroptosis through ginsenoside Rg1. In this study, we explored the specific mechanism of it.
Methods: Human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were transfected with oe-ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 and treated with lipopolysaccharide for ferroptosis induction, and they were then treated with ginsenoside Rg1 and ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 inhibitor. Ferroptosis suppressor protein 1, CoQ10, CoQ10H2, and intracellular NADH levels in HK-2 cells were assessed by Western blot, ELISA kit, and NAD/NADH kit. NAD+/NADH ratio was also calculated, and 4-Hydroxynonal fluorescence intensity was assessed by immunofluorescence. HK-2 cell viability and death were assessed by CCK-8 and propidium iodide staining. Ferroptosis, lipid peroxidation, and reactive oxygen species accumulation were assessed by Western blot, kits, flow cytometry, and C11 BODIPY 581/591 molecular probe. Sepsis rat models were established by cecal ligation and perforation to investigate whether ginsenoside Rg1 regulated the ferroptosis suppressor protein 1-CoQ10-NAD(P)H pathway in vivo.
Results: LPS treatment diminished ferroptosis suppressor protein 1, CoQ10, CoQ10H2, and NADH contents in HK-2 cells, while facilitating NAD+/NADH ratio and relative 4- Hydroxynonal fluorescence intensity. FSP1 overexpression inhibited lipopolysaccharideinduced lipid peroxidation in HK-2 cells via the ferroptosis suppressor protein 1-CoQ10- NAD(P)H pathway. The ferroptosis suppressor protein 1-CoQ10-NAD(P)H pathway suppressed lipopolysaccharide-induced ferroptosis in HK-2 cells. Ginsenoside Rg1 alleviated ferroptosis in HK-2 cells by regulating the ferroptosis suppressor protein 1-CoQ10- NAD(P)H pathway. Moreover, ginsenoside Rg1 regulated the ferroptosis suppressor protein 1-CoQ10-NAD(P)H pathway in vivo.
Conclusion: Ginsenoside Rg1 alleviated sepsis-induced acute kidney injury by blocking renal tubular epithelial cell ferroptosis via the ferroptosis suppressor protein 1-CoQ10- NAD(P)H pathway.
Sepsis, acute kidney injury, ginsenoside Rg1, ferroptosis FSP1-CoQ10-NAD(P)H pathway, HK-2 cells, lipopolysaccharide, 4-HNE.