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MicroRNA Profiles in Critically Ill Patients


Babak Alikiaii, Mohammad Bagherniya, Gholamreza Askari, Rajkumar Rajendram and Amirhossein Sahebkar*   Pages 1 - 25 ( 25 )


The use of biomarkers to expedite diagnosis, prognostication, and treatment could significantly improve patient outcomes. The early diagnosis and treatment of critical illnesses can greatly reduce mortality and morbidity. Therefore, there is great interest in the discovery of biomarkers for critical illnesses. Micro-ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are a highly conserved group of non-coding RNA molecules. They regulate the expression of genes involved in several developmental, physiological, and pathological processes. The characteristics of miRNAs suggest that they could be versatile biomarkers. Assay panels to measure the expression of several miRNAs could facilitate clinical decision-- making for a range of diseases. We have, in this paper, reviewed the current understanding of the role of miRNAs as biomarkers in critically ill patients.


Critical illness, mortality, morbidity, biomarkers, micro-ribonucleic acids, miRNAs.


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