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Mitochondrial Unfolded Protein Response (mtUPR) and Diseases


Ming Yang, Shilu Luo, Wei Chen, Liyu He, Di Liu, Xi Wang, Li Xiao and Lin Sun*   Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )


Mitochondria are the energy factories of cells, and their functions are closely related to cell homeostasis. The mitochondrial unfolded protein response (mtUPR) is a newly discovered mechanism for regulating mitochondrial homeostasis. When unfolded/misfolded proteins accumulate in mitochondria, the mitochondria release signals that regulate the transcription of certain proteins in the nucleus, thereby inducing the correct folding or degradation of proteins in mitochondria. Many studies have also shown that an abnormality of mtUPR is closely related to the occurrence and development of diseases. Here, we summarized the pathways regulating mtUPR signaling and reviewed the research progress on mtUPR in diseases. Finally, we summarized the currently identified agonists and inhibitors of the mtUPR and discussed the potential of the mtUPR as a therapeutic target for diseases.


mtUPR,mitochondria,kidney diseases,aging,ATFS-1


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