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Review Article

Advances in the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Current and Promising Strategies

[ Vol. 31 , Issue. 12 ]


Konstantin Yenkoyan*, Zadik Ounanian, Margarita Mirumyan, Liana Hayrapetyan, Naira Zakaryan, Raisa Sahakyan and Geir Bjørklund*   Pages 1485 - 1511 ( 27 )


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an umbrella term for developmental disorders characterized by social and communication impairments, language difficulties, restricted interests, and repetitive behaviors. Current management approaches for ASD aim to resolve its clinical manifestations based on the type and severity of the disability. Although some medications like risperidone show potential in regulating ASD-associated symptoms, a comprehensive treatment strategy for ASD is yet to be discovered. To date, identifying appropriate therapeutic targets and treatment strategies remains challenging due to the complex pathogenesis associated with ASD. Therefore, a comprehensive approach must be tailored to target the numerous pathogenetic pathways of ASD. From currently viable and basic treatment strategies, this review explores the entire field of advancements in ASD management up to cutting-edge modern scientific research. A novel systematic and personalized treatment approach is suggested, combining the available medications and targeting each symptom accordingly. Herein, summarize and categorize the most appropriate ways of modern ASD management into three distinct categories: current, promising, and prospective strategies.


Autism spectrum disorder, treatment strategy, management, neuropharmacology, animal model, neurochemistry.


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