Geir Bjørklund*, Olha Storchylo, Massimiliano Peana, Tony Hangan*, Roman Lysiuk, Larysa Lenchyk, Oleh Koshovyi, Halyna Antonyak, Nataliia Hudz and Salvatore Chirumbolo Pages 1 - 15 ( 15 )
Background: Propolis and its major phenolic compound, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), have garnered considerable scientific interest due to their anti-inflammatory properties and potential therapeutic applications.
Objectives: This narrative review explores the potential utility of CAPE in cancer treatment.
Methods: We comprehensively reviewed relevant studies from scientific databases (PubMed and Web of Science) from 2000 to 2022. Our search focused on keywords such as cancer, natural drugs, caffeic acid phenethyl ester, CAPE, cancer cell lines, antitumor effects, and propolis.
Results: CAPE exhibits diverse biological benefits, including antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, and potentially anti-carcinogenic properties. Numerous studies have demonstrated its wide-ranging antitumor effects on various cancer cell lines, including growth inhibition, apoptosis induction, tumor invasiveness prevention, malignancy suppression, and anti-angiogenic activity.
Conclusion: Following comprehensive preclinical toxicity assessments, further evaluation of CAPE's efficacy and safety through clinical trials is highly recommended to elucidate its potential health benefits in diverse forms of human cancer.
cancer,natural drugs,caffeic acid phenethyl ester,cancer cell lines,antitumor effects,propolis