Jia Qu*, Jie Ni, Tong-Guang Ni, Ze-Kang Bian and Jiu-Zheng Lian Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )
Abstract: Human microbes are closely associated with a variety of complex diseases and have emerged as drug targets. Identification of microbe-related drugs is becoming a key issue in drug development and precision medicine. It can also provide guidance for solving the increasingly serious problem of drug resistance enhancement in viruses.
Methods: In this paper, we have proposed a novel model of layer attention graph convolutional network for microbe-drug association prediction. First, multiple biological data have been integrated into a heterogeneous network. Then, the heterogeneous network has been incorporated into a graph convolutional network to determine the embedded microbe and drug. Finally, the microbe-drug association scores have been obtained by decoding the embedding of microbe and drug based on the layer attention mechanism.
Results: To evaluate the performance of our proposed model, leave-one-out crossvalidation (LOOCV) and 5-fold cross-validation have been implemented on the two datasets of aBiofilm and MDAD. As a result, based on the aBiofilm dataset, our proposed model has attained areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.9178 and 0.9022 on global LOOCV and local LOOCV, respectively. Based on aBiofilm dataset, the proposed model has attained an AUC value of 0.9018 and 0.8902 on global LOOCV and local LOOCV, respectively. In addition, the average AUC and standard deviation of the proposed model for 5- fold cross-validation on the aBiofilm and MDAD datasets were 0.9141±6.8556e-04 and 0.8982±7.5868e-04, respectively. Also, two kinds of case studies have been further conducted to evaluate the proposed models.
Conclusion: Traditional methods for microbe-drug association prediction are timeconsuming and laborious. Therefore, the computational model proposed was used to predict new microbe-drug associations. Several evaluation results have shown the proposed model to achieve satisfactory results and that it can play a role in drug development and precision medicine.
human microbe,drug,association prediction,heterogeneous network,deep learning,attention mechanism