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Review Article

Treatment of MRSA Infection: Where are We?


Adila Nazli, Wenlan Tao, Hengyao You, Xiaoli He and Yun He*   Pages 1 - 36 ( 36 )


Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of septicemia, endocarditis, pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections, bone and joint infections, and hospital-acquired infections. In particular, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, and continues to be a major public health problem. The emergence of multidrug-resistant MRSA strains along with the wide consumption of antibiotics has made anti-MRSA treatment a huge challenge. Novel treatment strategies (e.g., novel antimicrobials and new administrations) against MRSA are urgently needed. In the past decade, pharmaceutical companies have invested more in the research and development (R&D) of new antimicrobials and strategies, spurred by favorable policies. All research articles were collected from authentic online databases, including Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, by using different combinations of keywords, including ‘anti-MRSA’, ‘antibiotic’, ‘antimicrobial’, ‘clinical trial’, ‘clinical phase’, clinical studies’, and ‘pipeline’. The information extracted from articles was compared to information provided on the drug manufacturer’s website and Clinical- ( to confirm the latest development phase of anti- MRSA agents. The present review focuses on the current development status of new anti-MRSA strategies concerning chemistry, pharmacological target(s), indications, route of administration, efficacy and safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics, and aims to discuss the challenges and opportunities in developing drugs for anti-MRSA infections.


MRSA,Multidrug-resistance,Antibiotics,Antimicrobial,Clinical trials,Pharmacokinetics,Effectiveness and safety.


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