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lncRNA-056298 Regulates GAP43 and Promotes Cardiac Intrinsic Autonomic Nerve Remodelling in a Canine Model of Atrial Fibrillation Induction after Ganglionated Plexus Ablation


Shuting Bai, Ximin Wang*, Yinglong Hou, Yansong Cui, Qiyuan Song, Juanjuan Du, Yujiao Zhang and Jingwen Xu   Pages 1 - 24 ( 24 )


Background: Cardiac intrinsic autonomic nerve remodelling has been reported to play an important role in the recurrence of atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation, which significantly affects the long-term efficacy of this procedure. lncRNAs have been shown to interact in the pathological processes underlying heart diseases. However, the roles and mechanisms of lncRNAs in cardiac intrinsic autonomic nerve remodelling during atrial fibrillation reduction after ganglionated plexus ablation remain unknown.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which lncRNA- 056298 modulates GAP43 to affect cardiac intrinsic autonomic nerve remodelling and facilitate the induction of atrial fibrillation after ganglionated plexus ablation. Methods: A canine model of right atrial ganglionated plexus ablation was established. The atrial electrophysiological characteristics and neural markers were detected before and after 6 months of ganglionated plexus ablation. High-throughput sequencing was used to screen differentially expressed lncRNAs in target atrial tissues, and lncRNA- 056298 was selected to further explore its effects and mechanisms on cardiac intrinsic autonomic nerve remodelling.

Results: The induction rate of atrial fibrillation increased in dogs after ganglionated plexus ablation. Overexpression of lncRNA-056298 by lentivirus can shorten the atrial effective refractory period and increase the induction of atrial fibrillation. lncRNA- 056298 promoted cardiac intrinsic autonomic nerve remodelling via endogenous competition with cfa-miR-185 to induce transcription of its target gene GAP43, thereby affecting the induction of atrial fibrillation.

Conclusions: lncRNA-056298 regulates GAP43 by sponging miR-185, which affects cardiac intrinsic autonomic nerve remodelling and mediates atrial fibrillation induction after ganglionated plexus ablation.


ganglionated plexus ablation; cardiac intrinsic autonomic nerve remodelling; lncRNA-056298; cfa-miR-185; GAP43


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