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WSCD2 Expression: Its Relevance to Tumor-Infiltrating Immune Cells and Glioma Prognosis


Kaderya Abudusalam, Yan Xu, Pazilat Keyumu, Tong Cheng, Manyu Xu, Bing Lu, Pingping Sun, Kadierjiang Musha and Jianfei Huang*   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )


Background: Patients with glioma have limited treatment options and experience poor prognoses. Therefore, it is urgently needed to explore new diagnostic and therapeutic targets.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relevance of WSC domain-containing 2 (WSCD2) expression to glioma, clinicopathological characteristics, tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TILs), and patient prognosis.

Methods: We analyzed WSCD2 mRNA expression in glioma tissues and patient survival using the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database. Furthermore, the relationship between the expressions of WSCD2 mRNA and TILs in gliomas was evaluated utilizing the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource database. Lastly, we employed multiplex immunohistochemistry to detect the protein expressions of WSCD2 and TILs in glioma tissues.

Results: WSCD2 mRNA expression in glioma tissues was lower than that in tissues of benign brain disease. High WSCD2 mRNA expression was also significantly associated with a favorable outcome. Additionally, WSCD2 mRNA expression was correlated with TIL expression in glioma; however, no such relationship was detected between the protein expressions of WSCD2 and TILs in glioma tissues. Cox regression multivariate analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that WSCD2 expression in glioma tissues could be an independent prognostic factor.

Conclusion: This study highlights the correlation between WSCD2 expression and TILs and demonstrates the prognostic significance of WSCD2 in glioma. Furthermore, our results suggest that WSCD2 may be a potential immunotherapy target in glioma.


WSCD2, immune cell, prognosis, glioma, infiltration, immunotherapy.


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