Call for Papers  

Article Details

Review Article

Ranunculin, Protoanemonin, and Anemonin: Pharmacological and Chemical Perspectives


Betelhem Sirak, Misgana Aragaw and Solomon Tadesse*   Pages 1 - 15 ( 15 )


Ranunculin, a glucoside, serves as a chemotaxonomic marker in Ranunculaceae plants. When these plants are damaged, an enzyme β−glucosidase triggers the conversion of ranunculin into protoanemonin through hydrolysis. Subsequently, protoanemonin undergoes cyclodimerization to form anemonin. The inherent instability of ranunculin and the rapid dimerization of protoanemonin render them unsuitable for use in biological assays. Conversely, anemonin stands out as the optimal molecule for bioassays and demonstrates diverse biological properties, including anti-inflammatory, anti-infective, and anti-oxidant effects. Among these, anemonin exhibits the greatest promise in addressing conditions such as arthritis, cerebral ischemia, and ulcerative colitis. Its potential medical uses are enhanced by its capacity to inhibit nitric oxide synthesis and successfully counteract lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation. This review describes the chemistry and biological properties of anemonin and its precursors, including discussions on extraction, isolation, synthesis, and investigations into bioactivity and pharmacokinetics.


Ranunculaceae, natural products, medicinal plants, biological activities, review.


Read Full-Text article