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Review Article

Nature’s Elixir for Cancer Treatment: Targeting Tumor-induced Neovascularization


Rani Kumari, Saima Syeda and Anju Shrivastava*   Pages 1 - 24 ( 24 )


Angiogenesis, a multistep process, involves sprouting of new vessels from the pre-existing vessels in response to a stimulus in its microenvironment. Normally, angiogenesis is important for tissue maintenance and homeostasis, however it is also known to be associated with various pathologies, including cancer. Importantly, neovascularization is very crucial for tumors to grow and metastasize since it allows delivery of oxygen and nutrients as well as promotes tumor cell dissemination to distant sites. Activation of angiogenic switch is a consequence of imbalance in pro- as well as anti-angiogenic factors, that are immensely impacted by reactive oxygen species and epigenetic regulation. Several reports have suggested that angiogenic inhibitors significantly inhibit tumor growth. Therefore, anti-angiogenic therapy has gained substantial attention and has been considered a rational approach in cancer therapeutics. In this line, several anti- angiogenic drugs have been approved, however, their long term usage caused several side effects. In view of this, researchers switched to plant-based natural compounds for identifying safe and cost-effective anti-angiogenic drugs. Of note, various phytochemicals have been evaluated to reduce tumor growth by inhibiting tumor-induced angiogenesis. Moreover, the implication of nano-carriers to enhance the bioavailability of phytochemicals has proven to be more efficient anti-cancer agents. The present review highlights the existing knowledge on tumor-induced neovascularization and its regulation at the epigenetic level. Further, we emphasize the inhibitory effect of phytochemicals on tumor- induced angiogenesis that will open up new avenues in cancer therapeutics.


Angiogenesis, reactive oxygen species, DNA methylation, histone modification, phytochemicals, nanomedicine, cancer therapeutics.


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