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Review Article

3D Bioprinting and Microfluidic-Based Devices for Cancer Detection and Drug Treatment: Focus on Prostate Cancer


Jay Sibbits, Lucia Di Pietro, Anna Privitera, Vincenzo Cardaci, Salvatore Maugeri, Massimo Camarda and Giuseppe Caruso*   Pages 1 - 19 ( 19 )


The burden of increasing cancer incidence among the population, and, in particular, of prostate cancer in men living in highly developed countries, brings with it, on one hand, the need for new devices that allow a faster and earlier diagnosis, ideally in a non-invasive way and with low consumption of expensive reagents, and on the other the need for the assessment of new in vitro models that allow a more reliable assessment of cancer features, including its microenvironment and sensibility to different drugs. At the crossroads of these features, microfluidic devices are found. These, taking advantage of the chemical-physical properties of cells and human samples, have demonstrated great sensitivity and sensibility at an on-chip scale. Many fields of biomedical sciences have tried to exploit all their potentialities: from the detection of antigens in the early phases of the disease (when they are very low concentrated, but the treatment is more effective) to isolation and characterization of circulating tumor cells. However, the development of in vitro 3D models to better assess and comprehend the fundamental dynamics of tumor microenvironment and metastasis using 3D bioprinting techniques. The aim of the present review is to describe the potential of these two different cutting-edge technologies for the detection and treatment of prostate cancer, in the perspective of a possible future combination of them that allows scientists to fill the gaps present in the field to improve patient care and treatment.


Prostate cancer, microfluidics, 3D bioprinting, cancer treatment, antigen detection, circulating tumor cells, in vitro models.


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