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Single-Cell Nuclear Sequencing Atlas Revealed the Induction of Parkinson's Disease by RELN+ Neuron 3 and the Gene Regulatory Network of MSRA


Yin Liu and Yun Wu*   Pages 1 - 12 ( 12 )


Aims: To determine the cell types that promoted the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) using the substantia nigra in the brain tissues derived from patients with PD and normal controls.

Background: PD is an incurable neurodegenerative disease that threatens the physical activity of the aging population, and the complex molecular mechanisms remain be comprehensively elucidated.

Objective: To describe potential disease-promoting cell types in PD and to provide a theoretical basis.

Methods: Single-cell nuclear sequencing data of nine PD samples and control samples from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were included, and heterogeneous cell subpopulations in the substantia nigra were identified by annotation analysis. Potential pathogenic cell subpopulations of PD were determined based on the expression data of marker genes. Cell differentiation trajectories and communication networks were generated by Pseudotime trajectory analysis and cell communication analysis. Furthermore, single-- cell regulatory network inference and clustering (SCENIC) analysis was conducted to determine the regulatory network of transcription factor-target genes in PD.

Results: Among the nine cell subpopulations classified, RELN+neuron 3 showed reduced abundance and dopamine secretion capacity in PD and was therefore considered as a promoter of PD pathogenesis and progression. The regulatory network of MSRA action was involved in the developmental process of cells in the central nervous system, indicating that MSRA and its targets might serve as potential therapeutic targets for PD. RELN+neuron 3 had two directions of differentiation, specifically, branch 1 exhibited a high apoptotic profile and branch 2 exhibited a high cell death profile. In addition, the intensity of EPHA and EPHB signaling was attenuated between RELN+neuron 3 and other cell subpopulations.

Conclusion: To conclude, this study identified a subpopulation of RELN+neuron 3 cells with markedly reduced abundance in the brain substantia nigra in PD. The MSRA-involved gene regulatory networks was considered as a novel therapeutic network for PD.


Parkinson's disease,snRNA-seq,SCENIC,Pseudotime trajectory analysis,gene regulatory networks


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