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Design and Fabrication of Magnetically Responsive Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Slavko Kralj, Tanja Potrc, Petra Kocbek, Silvia Marchesan and Darko Makovec   Pages 454 - 469 ( 16 )

Abstract:


Magnetically-assisted delivery of therapeutic agents to the site of interest, which is referred to as magnetic drug targeting, has proven to be a promising strategy in a number of studies. One of the key advantages over other targeting strategies is the possibility to control remotely the distribution and accumulation of the nanocarriers after parenteral administration. However, preparation of effective and robust magnetically responsive nanocarriers based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocrystals (SPIONs) still represents a great scientific challenge, since spatial guidance of individual SPIONs is ineffective despite the presence of high magnetic field gradient. A strategy to overcome this issue is the clustering of SPIONs to achieve sufficient magnetic responsiveness. In this mini-review, we address current and future strategies for the design and fabrication of magnetically responsive nanocarriers based on SPIONs for magnetically-targeted drug delivery, including the underlying physical requirements, the possibility of drug loading, and the control of drug release at the targeted site.

Keywords:

Magnetic nanoparticles, nanoparticle clusters, magnetic drug delivery, iron oxide nanocrystals, SPION clusters, magnetic targeting, magnetic nanocarriers, magnetically-assisted delivery.

Affiliation:

Department for Materials Synthesis, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia; Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Via Giorgieri 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy; Nanos SCI, (Nanos Scientificae d.o.o.), Teslova 30, 1000 Ljubljana, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Askerceva cesta 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Askerceva cesta 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Via Giorgieri 1, 34127 Trieste, Department for Materials Synthesis, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana



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