Submit Manuscript  

Article Details

Recent Developments of Phototherapy Based on Graphene Family Nanomaterials

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 3 ]


Baomei Zhang, Yang Wang, Jiyong Liu and Guangxi Zhai   Pages 268 - 291 ( 24 )


Graphene-based nanomaterials have drawn abundant interest in various fields such as biomedicine in recent years. Thanks to the ultra-high surface area of single-layered graphene, higher molecular loading is obtained. In addition, easy modifications were acquired because of its ample oxygen-content functional groups. Owing to its excellent physical– chemical properties, graphene-based nanomaterials have been widely explored as novel nanovectors for disease theranostics. In this article, we gave a comprehensive review of graphenebased nanomaterials, including introduction about different members of graphene family nanomaterials (GFNs), various modifications, toxicity and biomedical applications of graphene- based derivatives. More attentions were given to phototherapy in this paper. The mechanisms of photothermal and photodynamic therapy were also offered. Finally, the prospects and challenges of the graphene-based nanomaterials were discussed in this review.


GFNs, modifications, toxicity, biomedical applications, phototherapy, multifunctional nanoformulations.


Department of Pharmacy, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433,, Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xilu, Jinan 250012

Read Full-Text article