Min Shi, Liang Ma* and Ping Fu Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )
Accumulating evidences indicated that obesity and metabolic syndrome were independent risk factors for the development and progression of kidney diseases. Apart from inflammation, lipotoxicity, and hemodynamic factors, adipokines have been proposed to play crucial roles in the relationship between kidney diseases and metabolic disorders. As one of the key adipokines, fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), which is mainly expressed in adipocytes and macrophages, has recently been shown to be associated with renal dysfunction and kidney damage. Both clinical and experimental studies have proposed circulating FABP4 as a novel predictor for renal injuries, and it might also be a predictor for cardiovascular events in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). FABP4 has also been detected in the glomerular cells and epithelial tubular cells in mouse and human kidneys, and the expression of FABP4 in these cells has been involved in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases. In addition, experimental studies suggested that inhibition of FABP4 had protective effects on renal damage. Here, we reviewed current knowledge regarding the role of FABP4 in pathophysiological insights as well as its potential function as a predictor and therapeutic target for kidney diseases.
FABP4, kidney disease, adipokine, drug target, predictor.
Kidney Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Kidney Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Kidney Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041