Shigao Huang and Qi Zhao * Pages 5716 - 5729 ( 14 )
Background: Immunotherapy for cancer includes Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-T cells, CAR-natural Killer (NK) cells, PD1, and the PD-L1 inhibitor. However, the proportion of patients who respond to cancer immunotherapy is not satisfactory. Concurrently, nanotechnology has experienced a revolution in cancer diagnosis and therapy. There are few clinically approved nanoparticles that can selectively bind and target cancer cells and incorporate molecules, although many therapeutic nanocarriers have been approved for clinical use. There are no systematic reviews outlining how nanomedicine and immunotherapy are used in combination to treat cancer.Objective: This review aims to illustrate how nanomedicine and immunotherapy can be used for cancer treatment to overcome the limitations of the low proportion of patients who respond to cancer immunotherapy and the rarity of nanomaterials in clinical use. Methods: A literature review of MEDLINE, PubMed / PubMed Central, and Google Scholar was performed. We performed a structured search of literature reviews on nanoparticle drug-delivery systems, which included photodynamic therapy, photothermal therapy, photoacoustic therapy, and immunotherapy for cancer. Moreover, we detailed the advantages and disadvantages of the various nanoparticles incorporated with molecules to discuss the challenges and solutions associated with cancer treatment. Conclusion: This review identified the advantages and disadvantages associated with improving health care and outcomes. The findings of this review confirmed the importance of nanomedicinecombined immunotherapy for improving the efficacy of cancer treatment. It may become a new way to develop novel cancer therapeutics using nanomaterials to achieve synergistic anticancer immunity.
Cancer immunotherapy, CAR-NK cells, drug delivery, nanomedicine, synergistic effect, (CAR)-T cells.
Cancer Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Taipa, Macao SAR, Cancer Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Taipa, Macao SAR