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Relationship between Gut Microbiota, Gut Hyperpermeability, and Obesity

Author(s):

Amin Gasmi, Pavan Kumar Mujawdiya, Lyudmila Pivina, Alexandru Doşa, Yuliya Semenova, Asma Gasmi Benahmed and Geir Bjørklund*   Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Intestinal hyperpermeability is a complex metabolic process mediated by different pathways in close relation to the gut microbiota. Previous studies suggested that the gut microbiota is involved in different metabolic regulations, and its imbalance is associated with several metabolic diseases, including obesity. It is well known that intestinal hyperpermeability is associated with dysbiosis, and the combination of these two conditions can lead to an increase in the level of low-grade inflammation in obese patients due to an increase in pro-inflammatory cytokine levels. Inflammatory bowel syndrome often accompanies this condition causing an alteration of the intestinal mucosa and thus reinforcing the dysbiosis and gut hyperpermeability. The onset of metabolic disorders depends on violations of the integrity of the intestinal barrier as a result of increased intestinal permeability. Chronic inflammation due to endotoxemia is responsible for the development of obesity. Metabolic disorders are associated with dysregulation of the microbiota-gut-brain axis and with an altered composition of gut flora. In this review, we will discuss the mechanisms that illustrate the relationship between hyperpermeability, the composition of the gut microbiota, and obesity.

Keywords:

Gut microbiota, intestinal hyperpermeability, obesity, gut inflammation, metabolic, metabolic regulation

Affiliation:

Société Francophone de Nutrithérapie et de Nutrigénétique Appliquée, Villeurbanne, Birla Institute of Technology and Science - Pilani, Hyderabad, Semey Medical University, Semey, Faculty of Medicine, Ovidius University of Constanta, Constanta, Semey Medical University, Semey, Académie Internationale de Médecine Dentaire Intégrative, Paris, Council for Nutritional and Environmental Medicine (CONEM), Toften 24, 8610 Mo i Rana



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