Flavia di Michele*
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional bowel disorder, often stress-related, identified by many abdominal symptoms, the most important of which is the chronic visceral abdominal pain. Therefore, IBS commonly impairs the quality of life of patients, moreover it is frequently linked to depressive and anxiety symptoms. The treatment of IBS primarily focuses on symptoms relief. Unfortunately, up to now, no efficacious therapies have been found. Therefore, it would be important to develop new anti-IBS interventions. The aim of this brief review is to summarize the current evidence of nutraceutical supplementation in IBS treatment, with probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, butyrate, palmitoylethanolamide and colostrum. Since nutraceutics are over the counter products, the review has the purpose to better inform the medicinal chemist and the practitioner about the possible benefit mechanisms and the many advantages that these therapies offer. All of these compounds present multiple mechanisms of action, such as restoring the physiological microbiota, potentiating gastrointestinal barrier’s function, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities. From the literature data it results that these compounds are not only capable to improve IBS symptomatology, but mainly display an optimal safety and tolerability profile. Although extensive studies must be carried out to reinforce the evidences from the so far limited clinical trials, the supplementation with these compounds may be useful considering the warnings of prescription medicines for special populations of patients, such as elders, youngsters, or patients who need a combination therapy. Finally, the nutraceutical approach may improve adherence to treatment, given its better acceptance by the patients compared to pharmacological therapy.
IBS, nutraceutics, probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, butyrate, palmitoylethanolamide and colostrum
Dept Systems Medicine, Policlinico Tor Vergata (PTV) Foundation, Rome